Establishing the relationship between work-family balance and work-family conflict: the role of organisational and individual factors
The study examined the impact of organizational and individual factors on the relationship between work-family balance and work-family conflict through a survey. Data from 250 respondents were analysed using the pearson product moment correlation, ANOVA and hierarchical multiple regression. Results showed that the interaction between marital status (individual factor) and working hours (organizational factor) did not impact work-family balance. Further, a significant negative relationship exists between work-family balance and work-family conflict, gender and age. Also, marital status and working hours were positively related to work-family balance. Marital status and working hours significantly moderate the relationship between work-family conflict and work-family balance.
Although working hours moderate the relationship between work-family conflict and work-family balance, it did not account for a significant variance in work-family balance. Furthermore, educational level did not significantly relate to work-family balance. These findings imply that for organizational growth to be improved, stakeholders need to consider advancing work-family balance practices to cater for both employees’ and organizational needs.